Delivered November 22, 2019. Contributor: ChristineD
Determine what the spy network of the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) was able to accomplish against the German-American
. The information will be used for a media materials.
Anti-Defamation League and the German-American Bund
During the 1920s, there were
in the US, who are members and supporters of the Nazi Party.
These people were
recent German immigrants
who built small organizations in the urban areas where they are residing.
They are waiting for
," or their day of return to their transformed German homeland.
In 1933, when Adolf Hitler rose to power, these scattered Nazi groups rapidly formed a centralized national organization called the "
Friends of the New Germany.
The objective of the group was to promulgate
"National Socialism and fascist
" notions across the country to get ready for the anticipated "Hitler Revolution" in the US.
On March 1933, FNG established an
in Los Angeles.
and anti-Semitic printed matters were sold in the bookstore.
books in the store were about the
in the US, the potential of National Socialism, and the "Hitler Miracle" in their home country.
movement also held
public gatherings and hosted weekly sessions to entice new members during the spring and summer of that year.
also went to an FNG public event in the Madison Square Garden.
The group also aimed to
attract US veterans
to their ideals.
They contacted the
members of the American Legion
and other similar groups in the area.
The initiative to
invite American veteran members
got the attention of Leon Lewis.
He is a Jewish lawyer, a veteran, and a former "
first national executive secretary
of the Anti-Defamation League (ADL)."
In collaboration with various veteran groups in the city, he rapidly and secretly
enticed non-Jewish veterans
to penetrate the FNG ranks.
He set up a
for the FNG locations in various cities.
For example, the
Los Angeles base of FNG
was code-named as 9-Minus.
established reporting protocols
The spy veterans quickly found out about the
shady political intentions
of the FNG.
Lewis'spies gave eyewitness reports of
among FNG leaders and Nazi Party officers.
These gatherings were
done inside German merchant
marine ships in the Los Angeles port.
The spies also found out that there are a
huge pile of cash
that are being smuggled.
There is also a report of the secret "
importation of thousands of pounds
" of Nazi-themed publications from Berlin.
These printed matters were
earmarked for distribution
around the US.
most devastating discovery
was the formation of a secret brown-clad militia training in "urban street-fighting techniques."
The spies also found out that they
held shooting events
in the Holywood hills area.
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