Malaria in Africa

Goals

To understand the incidents of Malaria in Africa per year.

Early Findings

Malaria Incidents

  • Official malaria statistics reported by WHO and UNICEF come from 2017 studies.
  • There are approximately 219 million reported cases of malaria worldwide. According to WHO, 92% of malaria cases (200 million) occur in Africa.
  • Four African nations account for the most cases of malaria: Nigeria (25%), Democratic Republic of the Congo (11%), Mozambique (5%), and Uganda (4%).
  • The most prevalent malaria parasite in the WHO African Region is Plasmodium falciparum, accounting for 99.7% of estimated malaria cases in 2017.

Malaria Deaths

  • There were an estimated 435,000 deaths due to malaria in 2017. The WHO African region account for 93% of the global deaths.
  • Six African countries accounted for 49% of all global malaria deaths: Nigeria (19%), Democratic Republic of the Congo (11%), Burkina Faso (6%), United Republic of Tanzania (5%), Sierra Leone (4%), and Niger (4%).

Malaria Burden

Proposed next steps:

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Our initial research indicates that statistics reported by WHO and UNICEF has the most up-to-date statistics regarding malaria, specifically in Africa. As we were able to provide data on incidents, death rates, and burden in the region, we propose further research to provide an overview of the outlook of malaria in Africa in the future including prevention strategies and estimates of incidents, death, and burden.
In addition, we propose further research to provide an analysis of why malaria is so prevalent in Africa compared to the rest of the world.