To find information on key roles, best practices, and common processes and procedures in data governance. Target key roles will/must include data stewards and data custodians
- According to Tech Target, data governance (DG) "is the overall management of the availability, usability, integrity, and security of data used in an enterprise."
- One of the major benefit of data governance in business is the fact that it facilitates and ensures data is consistent and trustworthy.
- The benefits of data governance are very important because most businesses rely on data and data analytics to "to make business decisions, optimize operations, create new products and services, and improve profitability."
- Key pillars of data governance include data stewardship, data quality, master data management, and data governance use cases.
- Data governance relies on data stewards to implement policies in organizations with the central goal of this being better data quality.
- Although data governance involves the whole organization in one way of another, there exists a number of common stakeholders in DG. They include:
- Data owners - these are people that are able to make decisions using data and enforce these decisions throughout the organization. Data owners are ultimately accountable for the state of the data as an asset.
- Data stewards - data stewards can be thought of as data champions because they are the people that make sure that the data policies and data standards within an organization are adhered to in daily business. Data stewards are usually subject matter experts for a data entity and/or a set of data attributes. Consequently, they are either the ones responsible for taking care of data as an asset or the ones consulted in how to do that.
- Data custodians - data custodians can also be referred to as data operators. They are normally responsible with "managing business and technical onboarding, maintenance and end-of-life updates to a company's data assets."
- Data governance committee - this committee is usually established as the main entity for the approval of data policies and data standards and the handling of escalated issues.
- Other roles in data governance include data users and data trustees.
- Data users are people that have access to an organization's data as part of assigned duties or in fulfillment of assigned roles or functions within an organization.
- Data trustees are senior administrators that have a "significant responsibility for an operational area that uses a system/application serving as an authoritative source of data relied upon by an organization."
- The roles highlighted above should be supported by a data governance office with a data governance team. A data governance team is typically comprised of: solution and data governance architect, data analyst, data strategist, compliance specialist, and master data governance manager.
Proposed next steps:
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As information on data governance is plenty in the public domain, we recommend continuing with research and focusing on the identified major roles within data governance i.e. data owners, data stewards, data custodians, and data trustees. We will provide an overview of two roles in one research block.
We also recommend research to identify 6-10 best practices in the field of data governance within an organization.
Lastly, we recommend research that will focus on identifying insights into the most common processes and procedures in data governance.