Adoption Legislation U.S./North Carolina
To gather an overview of US and North Carolina legislation related to adoption as well as a list of key policy issues being debated and their descriptions.
The information will be used to assist a client in positioning himself.
U.S. Adoption Legislation
- Adoption is mostly regulated by states in the U.S., with laws varying depending on the state.
- However, federal laws regulating adoption in the United States do exist and states have to pass their own laws to comply with them and to qualify for federal funds.
- These federal laws related to adoption mostly provide overarching standards to the states.
- An example is the Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008 which includes a provision awarding incentive payments for special needs adoptions and older child adoptions.
- Most federal laws related to adoption are concerned with protecting the child's welfare, and providing funding for various assistance programs.
North Carolina Adoption Legislation
- In North Carolina, any minor or even adult can be adopted by an adult, as long as the adult is over 18 years of age.
- If the minor or adult is over 12, his/her consent is needed.
- Another condition required by the state is 90 days of home residency in the state.
- One of the exceptions is that spouses are barred from adopting each other.
- The whole legislation concerning adoption (§§ 48-1 through 48-38: Repealed by Session Laws 1995, c. 457, s. 1.) is available through this link.
Key Policy Issues Being Debated
- One of the main issues being debated in terms of adoption laws is the requirement of a specific religion to be able to adopt from certain child placement agencies.
- Another debate raging is about giving additional rights to birth parents.
- Other adoption policy discussions concern the adoption of Native children.
In addition to this public search, we scanned our proprietary research database of over 1 million sources and were unable to find any specific research reports that address your goals.
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