Prepared for Caitlin B. | Delivered November 14, 2019
Early Childhood Development
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To detrmine the development stages of early child development, which outlines the cognitive, social, emotional and physical development of children.
Professionals and researchers usually define the period of early childhood as b
irth to eight years
of age. In addition, stages of childhood are defined culturally by customs, social institutions, and laws that make up a society.
In the US, however, early childhood might be considered to
end at age five
since “coincides with
entry into the cultural practice
of formal schooling.”
first five years
are especially crucial for
intellectual, physical, and social-emotiona
Overview of Birth to Eighteen Months
s in the first eighteen months after birth, which is a relatively short time span.
During this time, the infant sees the world
through his/her senses.
The babies collect information through
taste, smell, sight
, touch, and sound.
At this stage, the caregiver should play the important
role of stimulating
these senses but making sure that they are not overwhelmed.
The overall goal is to
interact and explore
the infant’s world with him/her, rather than “teaching” the baby what is right or wrong.
At this stage, infants take great pleasure in making discoveries with their
hands, voice, feet,
and toes. It’s during this stage that infants start to practice “
practice rolling skills,
crawling, walking, and other great physical adventures.”
Between birth and three years, a
child’s height doubles
, while the
The child’s bodily proportions also shift, so that the head, which initially accounted for
of the total body length, now becomes an infant with a m
ore balanced, adult-like appearance.
A typical three-year-old has mastered skills like
using a spoon, toilet training, scribbling, and “
sufficient hand-eye coordination
to catch and throw a ball.”