Electrification in California
To learn of California's decarbonization plans in order to confirm whether the state will see a 40-50% rise in electricity load as a result of electric vehicle adoption.
Increase in Electric Load
- Southern California Edison plans 100% decarbonization by 2045. The decarbonization will be achieved through the 100% carbon-free electricity retail sales, electrification of vehicles, and "using low-carbon fuels
for technologies that are not viable for electrification".
- The electrification (and population growth) will result in an increase in the sale of electricity by 60% and "a 40% increase in peak load".
- Vehicle electrification will result in an increase
in "electric load by nearly 130 terawatt hours
(TWh) — representing more than one-third of
the grid-served load".
Renewable Energy Adoption
- In order to achieve 100% clean energy generation, over "80 GW of
additional utility-scale clean generation
and 30 GW of utility-scale energy storage will be needed".
- This would require investments to the tune of $170 billion in renewable energy. That means rate of development of renewable energy infrastructure will need to be two to three times the current rate.
Degree of Electrification
- Natural gas consumption will decline by 50% by 2045 and "at least 40% of" it will "need to be low-carbon fuels such as
biomethane or hydrogen".
- Three in four light-duty vehicles, two in three medium-duty vehicles, and one in three heavy-duty vehicles will need to be electrified by 2045.
- Seventy-five percent of "space and water heating needs" will be electrified by 2045.
GHG Emission Reductions
- Greenhouse gas emission will be reduced from 424 MMT in 2017 to 260MMT in 2030 (60% decarbonization target) and 108 MMT in 2045, all of which will be sequestered, thereby achieving 100% decarbonization. A total reduction of 316 MMT (424 MMT - 108 MMT).
- The GHG emission of vehicles will be reduced from 174 MMT in 2017 to 107 MMT in 2030 and 30 MMT in 2045. A reduction of 144 MMT--45.6% of all GHG emissions--through electrification of vehicles.
- Nearly half (49.14%) the vehicles in Norway are plug-in electric type.
- North America accounts for 70% of the 30 million tons of carbon emissions captured globally. Currently, industrial facilities capture under 1% of the "CO2 that is required to meet the Paris agreement targets for 2040".
Proposed next steps:
You need to be the project owner to select a next step.