Education reformation was "championed by Horace Mann" who wanted to see state sponsored education which incorporated a standardized curriculum which was financed through local property taxes.
Elements which contributed to the desire to reform education included "industrialization and the rise of the factory system",population growth and the expanding migration of settlers.
Mann had a political ideology in which he believed that a cohesive society required a foundation of universal education. "His message to the working classes was the promise that "education … is the great equalizer of the conditions of men, the balance wheel of the social machinery" (Cremin 1957, p. 65)."
However, New York's education system "paved the way" for Mann having introduced private schools as the venue to educate their children. In 1812, the state of New York created the role of "state superintendent of schools", which was followed by several other states in the 1820s. The position had become more widespread by the 1830s.