Delivered August 8, 2019. Contributor: Alexandra Y.
The goal is to find both western and eastern philosophies on life happiness for personal use.
Three of the most popular theories on life happiness in the west are Hedonism, the Desire Satisfaction Theory, and the Objective List Theory. Other theories of life happiness include the Marx Theory and the Epicurus Theory.
Hedonism claims that the only drivers of life are pleasure, or happiness, and pain, or unhappiness. All emotions fall under these two headings. For example, joy, love, and gratification fall under pleasure, and depression, sadness, and anger fall under pain. This theory encourages people to "aim for the greatest balance of pleasure over pain".
The Objective List theory claims that each person has a list of things that are essential to their overall life happiness, such as friendships or a career, and having those things is what makes them feel fulfilled.
The Epicurus theory states that people can be fulfilled by ultimately aiming to find pleasure, not virtue or knowledge. This theory focuses more on indulging personal pleasure.
Western theories on happiness tend to focus on the individual pursuit of happiness, whereas Eastern theories focus more on happiness gained from community activities and service.
The Confucian theory comes from Eastern practices. This theory states that individual happiness is achieved through "due contributions to the material and
cultural development of the society". The theory also says that people must be constantly attempting to better their life by frequently evaluating things they have not yet done or learned and focusing on accomplishing those things.
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