Prepared for Simon S. | Delivered April 17, 2020
Data Localization Laws: Case Studies
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To find case studies of companies that have successfully navigated the data localization laws in a country with strict requirements and companies that did not properly follow the laws in one of those countries.
China has one of the
strictest data localization laws
in the world. The Cybersecurity Law in China is a data localization law.
Apple's investment in China included the building of a
in Guizhou province to store the cloud data of Chinese users. This was in compliance with China’s Cybersecurity Law which has data localization requirements and required "
critical information infrastructure
(CII) providers to store personal information within mainland China".
Apple addressed cybersecurity concerns by assuring users that the government would not have
back door access
to data stored within China.
Apple partnered with
Big Data Industry Co Ltd (GCBD), a local government-backed
data center service provider to build the data center.
Hosting servers within China is necessary to help Apple and other companies to prevent
and offer more reliable services in China.