Research Outline

Homeschooling Case Studies


To obtain case studies of homeschooling in different countries.

Early Findings

  • The initial hour of research focused on providing some global homeschooling insights, including countries such as the US, the UK, Canada, New Zealand, and Australia and information is publicly available.
  • A summary on home education laws per European countries can be found here.
  • At the start of 2020, the total number of home schooled children in the world was less than 3 million, with home education considered illegal in many countries, including Germany and Sweden.
  • The countries with most home schooled children globally include the US (2 million), the UK(100,000), Canada(95,000), New Zealand (6,000), and Australia (55,000).
  • Some top reasons for homeschooling in the US, for instance, include the following:
    • To individualize the student's curriculum and learning environment.
    • To accomplish more academically compared to what is offered in schools
    • To enhance family relationships between the student and their siblings or parents.
    • To provide the student an environment that is safe from issues such as physical violence, racism, drugs and alcohol, and psychological abuse.
    • To teach and impart the student with a certain set of values, beliefs, or worldview.


  • Our preliminary research revealed that despite homeschooling being legal in the countries identified, each state, province or territory has their own set of regulations and expectations within the countries, such as the US and Canada.
  • We can continue the research to provide a high-level overview of the state of homeschooling in each country including an overview of the key homeschooling points that cut across various provinces, territories, or states, the laws and regulations, the number of homeschoolers, the main reasons for homeschooling, and any recent trends, such as the pandemic's impact on the country's home education system.
  • Below is the recommended research path.