Electric Motorcycle Manufacturing Regulations

Goals

To find out whether there are any federal and state regulations related to starting an electric motorcycle company. In addition, to find out if there are differences in the regulations between custom-built and mass-produced motorcycles. Finally, to find out how to obtain a VIN and title for a newly manufactured motorbike and how much it costs to do in Illinois. In case state regulations vary, to focus the research exclusively on the state of Illinois. The information will be used to help start a bespoke electric motorcycle building company.


Early Findings

Federal and State Regulations for New Electric Motorbike Manufacturers

  • The manufacturing industry tends to be heavily regulated by government authorities.
  • There are many ways in which to comply with regulations at a state or federal level.

1) Patents

  • In order to protect the entrepreneur or inventor, the Federal Law allows the person who “invents or discovers any new and useful process, machine, manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof " to obtain a patent.
  • When filed with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, the patent will protect the invention for 20 years.
  • This means that it will be possible to exclude others from making, using, offering for sale, or selling the invented product in the United States, or importing the product into the United States.
  • It will also be possible to protect a logo, a business slogan or a brand name by registering a trademark or service mark with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

2) Financing

3) Taxes

  • When starting a new manufacturing entity, it will be necessary to choose a formal type for tax obligations.
  • There might be tax breaks on offer by government and states for new manufacturers.
  • It will be necessary for new businesses to apply for federal tax ID number (EIN).
  • This will allow the company to legally hire employees, pay federal taxes, apply for business licenses and open a business bank account.

4) Health and Safety

  • In terms of regulations to respect, there would be the need to comply with employer’s obligations under OSHA (Occupational Health and Safety Administration), and having appropriate workers’ compensation insurance to cover any workplace accidents or injuries.

5) Labor Laws

  • The manufacturing business will also be subject to more and more labor laws as it increases its number of employees, at both the federal and state level.

6) Permits and Licences

Summary of Findings

After initial research, we have managed to find a series of paths that can be investigated further to compile a list of federal and Illinois state laws that apply to a new bespoke electric vehicle manufacturer. As an example, we have found that in various states, a manufacturing permit is needed, but we have not found the equivalent in Illinois yet.

Research proposal:

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