Infection Prevention and Long-Term Care Facilities
To gain insights into what is happening in long-term care facilities in regards to healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), common infections, prevalence/incidence data, and current nursing practices that can help prevent/reduce infection rates.
- According to James Cleeman, MD, director of AHRQ’s Healthcare-Associated Infections Program, “Healthcare-associated infections are a critical problem facing the healthcare system.”
- In the US, approximately 1.5 million people are living in 16,000 nursing homes.
- In a study published in 2017, findings revealed that an estimated 1.6 million to 3.8 million cases of infections are reported in long-term care facilities every year.
- Estimates show that infections in long-term care institutions could lead to the death of as many as 380,000 people.
- There is an urgent need to address healthcare-associated infections even as the nursing home population is expected to reach about 5.3 million people by 2030.
- According to a study from Columbia University School of Nursing, efforts to protect residents of long-term facilities from preventable diseases and infections must be increased.
- The study also found that infection rates for urinary tract infections (UTIs), viral hepatitis, septicemia, wound infections, multiple drug-resistant organisms (MDROs), and pneumonia had increased over a period of five years.
- Recent remodeling data suggests that "substantial reductions in resistant bacteria, like MRSA, can be achieved through coordinated activities between health care facilities in a given region."
- Associated financial benefits associated with prevention practices could be between $25 billion and $31.5 billion in medical cost savings.
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