Latino Demographics and Health Insurance

Goals

To provide information about the Latino population in Oregon, Utah, Idaho, and Washington, including their population, health care statistics about them in the states, percentage of total health care spending in the states for Latinos, reports from large insurers such as Blue Cross/Blue Shield, Kaiser Permanente, United, Anthem, Cigna, Humana on their membership for these demographics, the percentage of this demographic is uninsured in the different states, and the pain points or opportunities in regards to health insurance for this demographic.

Early Findings

Oregon

1. Latino Population in Oregon
  • According to Partners in Diversity (PiD), Oregon’s Latino population is growing faster than the national rate.
  • As of 2014, 12% (473,729) of Oregon’s population were Latinos, representing a 72% growth since 2000.
  • In 2020, the percentage of Latinos in the state increased to 13.3%, representing over a 50% increase since 2000.
  • As per the current population of the state (4,236,400 people), there are 563,441 (13.3% of 4,236,400 people) Latinos in Oregon.
  • Ten cities in Oregon with the largest Hispanic population in 2020 are;
    • Woodburn: 56.18% Hispanics and 14,279 residential Hispanics
    • Cornelius: 51.51% Hispanics and 6,478 residential Hispanics
    • Milton-Freewater: 49.21% Hispanics and 3,462 residential Hispanics
    • Ontario: 44.81% Hispanics and 4,928 residential Hispanics
    • Hermiston: 43.94% Hispanics and 7,621 residential Hispanics
    • Umatilla: 42.54% Hispanics and 3,026 residential Hispanics
    • Madras: 40.46% Hispanics and 2,700 residential Hispanics
    • Independence: 35.26% Hispanics and 3,369 residential Hispanics
    • Forest Grove: 23.4% Hispanics and 5,597 residential Hispanics
    • Hillsboro: 23.39% Hispanics and 24,499 residential Hispanics.
2. Healthcare Spending
3. Uninsured Latinos
  • According to a report by Bloomberg, the Hispanic descent was the most uninsured demographic in Oregon.
  • As of 2015, the health insurance penetration rate of Latinos in Oregon was 88.9%.
  • Over 20% of Hispanic people were uninsured as of 2017.
  • 11.5% of Hispanic or Latinx Oregonians reported being uninsured in 2019.
4. Pain Points
  • A report by Catholic Sentinel revealed that Oregon Latinos faced a painful gap in mental health care during the Covid-19 pandemic.
  • According to Kat Kelly the director of strategic initiatives at Catholic Charities of Oregon, "the gap is pretty enormous in terms of Latinos having access to linguistically and culturally appropriate care.”
  • Another Study by Research Gate showed that Latinos in Oregon were more likely to experience disadvantages in EMS treatment.

Summary

During our initial research, we were unable to find the healthcare spend on this demographic for the state of Oregon. We were only able to identify the total healthcare spending by the state.

Proposed next steps:

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