Kenya Power Generation


To prepare for a meeting with KenGen, information is needed on the Kenyan electricity market. Of special interest is information on how many electricity-generating companies operate in the country, how competitive this market is, if the consumer can choose between different power suppliers, what is the sentiment is around the different companies and specifically around KenGen (positive/negative), what criteria consumers use to choose their power suppliers, and are there reputation issues or possible reputation risks that power companies in Kenya are facing.

Early Findings

Installed Capacity

  • According to the World Bank, the generation capacity in Kenya is 2,670 megawatts (MW).
  • Since June 2018, renewable energy in Kenya makes up 65% of total installed capacity and 78% of the total electricity generation (7.9 terawatthours).

Electricity Generating Companies in Kenya

Electricity Transmission

  • Kenya Power and Lighting Company (KPLC) or Kenya Power "is the wholesale buyer of electricity and is obligated to purchase electricity from all power generators including KenGen and IPPs -- based on negotiated Power Purchase Agreements."
  • The company "transmits, distributes, and sells electricity to end users."
  • Private stockholders have a 49.9% share in the company and the government owns the rest.

Summary of Findings

  • During the initial hour of research, we focused on finding background information on the energy sector in Kenya. Specifically, information on the companies that generate electricity.
  • Information was found on the number of electricity generating companies in Kenya and how energy is sold to the end-user.
  • Based on the structure of the energy industry in Kenya, the following questions perhaps are no longer relevant:
    • 1) Can the consumer can choose between different power suppliers and 2) what criteria consumers use to choose their power suppliers. As electricity from the grid is only sold by KLPC, consumers may not have a choice in the matter.
    • 3) How competitive is the [electricity generating] market? As the market appears to be largely controlled by the government, there might not be a lot of competition. Therefore, perhaps IPPs and off-grid solutions can be identified.

Proposed next steps:

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Wonder can continue the research on the Kenyan energy sector. We can provide research on 1) the Independent Power Producers (IPP). We would provide information on the type of energy (energy sources such as hydro, wind and others) this segment generates, the names of at least 5 IPPs and the amount of energy each IPP generates. 2) We could provide information on at least 6 private companies that provide off-grid energy solutions in Kenya. For each, we could provide the name of the solution provider, a link to their website, a description of the solution. Please note that no research was done on the IPPs and private companies providing off-grid solutions, therefore, it not certain if the information is available.
We could provide information on the sentiment is around Kenya Electricity Generating Company (KenGen) (positive/negative) and the Kenya Power and Lighting Company (KLPC). If this information is not available, we could expand the scope to sentiments on electricity provision in Kenya. Furthermore, as these topics could be related, we could research reputation issues or possible reputation risks that KenGen and KLPC are facing in Kenya are facing. KLPC was included as this company sells electricity to the end-user.
We continue research on the energy sector in Kenya. 1) We can provide information on Kenya's power sector structure (thus identify the institutions and their roles), determine if the current demand for energy is being met by the supply, and determine what projects are being or will be executed to address energy demand. 2) A separate request could identify 4-5 challenges in the Kenyan power sector and how the government seeks to address these issues. For each challenge/issue, we would describe the challenge, why it is a challenge, the impact of the challenge and how the government is addressing the issue. These issues/challenges would not include issues with energy demand as that is addressed by the first suggested research.