United States Population Since 1790


To establish the number of United States citizens per year since 1790 based on official sources.. This research will enable a calculation of the average U.S. debt per citizen since 1790.

Early Findings

  • The first census in the U.S. was carried out in 1790. The total population at this time was 3,929,214 people.
  • After 1790, preceeding national census were carried out every 10 years.
  • The population in 1800 was 5,308,483 people.
  • There is no yearly breakdown of population for the years in which the population was not done between 1790 to 1900. The only available data is for the census years (that is, 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1890 and 1900. The figures for these census years has been provided in this spreadsheet.
  • To get a yearly breakdown of the population between 1790 to 1800, an online calculator was used. In the calculator, the starting value (1790 population), ending value (1800 population), and number of periods (10 years) were entered. The online calculator provided the annual cumulative growth rate to be 3.05% between 1790-1800.
  • Additionally, a breakdown of the population from 1790 to 1800 was provided by the online CAGR calculator.
  • This source provides the breakdown of the population for each year between 1900-1999.

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