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Chronic Disease in the United States

Goals

To determine the incidence of chronic health conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, arthritis, and thyroid disorders in individuals in the US stratified by household income and age groups to understand the market size of US adults over 30, with incomes of $100k+ / $150k+, suffering from one of the chronic previously listed health conditions.

Summary of findings

During the initial hour of research we determined the availability of the information with a focus on the required population. Prevalence was provided in cases where incidence could not be found. We propose further research to determine the required incidence by household income and age groups.

Early Findings

  • A study found that low-income American adults have higher rates of diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and other chronic disorders than wealthier Americans. A Self-Report of Fair or Poor Health by showed that 9.4% of adults with an annual family income between $50,000–74,999 suffered from a chronic health condition, while 7.0% of adults with an annual family income of $75,000–99,999 suffered from a chronic health condition, and only 5.6% of adults with an annual family income of $100,000 or more suffered from a chronic disease.
  • In addition, it was determined that the states in the Mid-South region are among the least healthy in the US and that individuals with low annual household income (<$25,000) had the highest rates of diabetes (17.9%), stroke (5.6%), arthritis (32.1%).


Diabetes

  • According to a CDC report, about 1.4 million new cases of diabetes were diagnosed among adults aged 18 to 79 in 2015. The National Diabetes Statistics Report showed that 34.1 million adults aged 18 years or older which represent 13.0% of all US adults had diabetes and that the percentage of adults with diabetes increased with age, reaching 26.8% among those aged 65 years or older.
  • Also, the prevalence of diabetes increased among non-Hispanic whites with less education and lower incomes. According to Statista, 18.5 % of adults with an income lower than $24,000 had diabetes, 10.2% of adults with an income between $48,000 - $89, 999 had diabetes, and only 6.1% of adults with an income of 120,000 and higher suffered from the disease.

Proposed next steps:

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