Research Outline

Part-Time Workforce


To understand the number of civilian workers that work part-time at one or more jobs.

Early Findings

  • According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the total number of civilians employed in the United States in October was 158.5 million.
  • Approximately 5.3%, or 8.4 million, of the civilian workforce hold multiple jobs.
  • Of the 8.4 million multiple job holders, 58.27%, or 4.9 million, have a full-time job and a part-time job.
  • About 2.3 million, 27%, hold two part-time jobs.
  • It should be noted that these numbers do not necessarily reflect the number of workers in the gig economy. The BLS does not have a formal method for tracking gig workers, nor does it keep tabs on jobs people may consider "non-primary work."
  • According to a 2018 survey by Edison Research, 24% of the population over age 18 earn income in the gig economy. Of these, 53% use gig work as secondary income. About 51% of men and 56% of women use gig jobs as secondary income.
  • A study by Gallup in 2018 estimates that 36% of Americans work in the gig economy.