Prepared for Kristen A. | Delivered November 11, 2019
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To understand the number of civilian workers that work part-time at one or more jobs.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the total number of civilians employed in the United States in October was
, or 8.4 million, of the civilian workforce hold multiple jobs.
Of the 8.4 million multiple job holders,
, or 4.9 million, have a full-time job and a part-time job.
About 2.3 million,
, hold two part-time jobs.
It should be noted that these numbers do not necessarily reflect the number of workers in the
. The BLS does not have a formal method for tracking gig workers, nor does it keep tabs on jobs people may consider "non-primary work."
According to a 2018 survey by Edison Research,
of the population over age 18 earn income in the gig economy. Of these,
use gig work as secondary income. About
of men and
of women use gig jobs as secondary income.
A study by Gallup in 2018 estimates that
of Americans work in the gig economy.