Part-Time Workforce


To understand the number of civilian workers that work part-time at one or more jobs.

Early Findings

  • According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the total number of civilians employed in the United States in October was 158.5 million.
  • Approximately 5.3%, or 8.4 million, of the civilian workforce hold multiple jobs.
  • Of the 8.4 million multiple job holders, 58.27%, or 4.9 million, have a full-time job and a part-time job.
  • About 2.3 million, 27%, hold two part-time jobs.
  • It should be noted that these numbers do not necessarily reflect the number of workers in the gig economy. The BLS does not have a formal method for tracking gig workers, nor does it keep tabs on jobs people may consider "non-primary work."
  • According to a 2018 survey by Edison Research, 24% of the population over age 18 earn income in the gig economy. Of these, 53% use gig work as secondary income. About 51% of men and 56% of women use gig jobs as secondary income.
  • A study by Gallup in 2018 estimates that 36% of Americans work in the gig economy.

Proposed next steps:

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During our initial research, we were able to provide a breakdown of the number of workers in the workforce with one and two part-time jobs. However, we discovered that the numbers provided by the BLS does not necessarily reflect gig workers as they do not formally track this statistic. Therefore, we propose further research to provide statistics specifically regarding multiple job holders within the gig economy.
Additionally, we can provide further demographic statistics on the ages, sex, and ethnicity of civilian multiple jobholders.