- Tunisia's retail market is similar to Algeria's and other North African countries, with the domination of small shops.
- International supermarket chains and franchises have been developing over the last decade thanks to the emergence of modern distribution channels.
- Following the 2011 revolution and the destruction of supermarkets and retail spaces, there has been a recovery with the development of new retail spaces, boosted by new consumption patterns and the influx of high-income Libyan migrants.
- Modern distribution in Tunisia represents 22% of total retail turnover, compared to 23% for European countries.
- E-commerce has been developing in the last few years but remains minor.
- The retail network is composed of around 250,000 small shops, ranging between 20 and 50 sq meters.
Urban areas have outdoor markets selling perishable goods and mostly food products.
- Modern malls have started to appear since a
2009 legislation was passed.
- The retail industry in Kuwait is expected to grow at a CAGR of 4.2% over the next few years, being the second fastest-growing retail market in the Gulf.
- Given that 70% of Kuwaiti residents are expatriates, they are responsible for the majority of sales and employment in the local retail market.
- Retail in Kuwait is split between large regional shopping centers and popular community centers.
- The average occupancy of mall space is very high in Kuwait, estimated at 93%.
- Egypt's retail market is still traditional and relies on trade in physical locations, with some specific "golden" districts account for most of the sales.
- E-commerce in Egypt represents only 0.4% of total retail sales but is growing fast.
- Products sold online tend to be cheaper as the overheads cost less.
- International retailers that entered the Egyptian market recently struggled with inflation and a restriction in imports, which limits the frequency of the shipments.
However, it remains the largest retail market in the Middle East.
- In Bahrain, 90% of leasable retail space is located in Grade A, which host international upscale retailers and franchised food outlets, as well as entertainment options, and Grade B malls.
- Grade B malls include supermarkets or department stores but have a limited number of international brands.
- It is expected that Grade A malls will grow four times faster than Grade B malls, given the taste of locals for upscale shopping options.
- The top ten malls in Bahrain include two large ones, five medium, and three small retail outlets, and attract 51 million visitors/year.
- The retail network in Algeria is dominated by informal markets.
- The presence of large informal wholesalers who supply formal and informal retailers alike is making the problem hard to solve for the government.
- The retail sector in Algeria is highly disorganized, with competition from the informal market, a high level of fragmentation and a high cost of logistics.
- Recently, some international retail chains have been opening in malls but small neighborhood stores still represent the majority of the retail sector.
- However, as the middle-class grows, modern retail is increasing, but still only represents around 3% of the total turnover.
- The first modern shopping mall in Algeria was only inaugurated in the capital in 2010, with a $70 million investment from a Joint Venture made of Valartis Group and Jelmoli.
- This mall has 45,000 sq meters of leasable area and attracts millions of visitors.
- In Algeria, a foreign company is required by law to hold a minority share in any Joint Venture it enters.
- Foreign companies are also submitted to high import duties, a lack of modern leasable space and competition from the informal market.
- Some foreign brands have settled in Algeria such as Mango, Aldo, Zara, Benetton, and Alain Afflelou.
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