Global Food Security: Man-Made Threats

Goals

To obtain a list of the major man-made threats to global food security.

Early Findings

Global Food Security

Climate Change

  • Deforestation is a great contributing factor. Clearing land for large-scale agriculture is a practice that has cleared peat lands, mangroves, and grasslands which eventually degrades the soils.
  • Such activities expose these regions to massive shifts in climate cycles which could result in mass migrations.
  • Human beings have failed to protect the earth's biodiversity. Within the past 20 years, 20% of the world's vegetated land has become less and less productive.
  • Many species that would indirectly affect the growth of crops have reduced which has affected the harvest volumes.
  • The species that are under the greatest threat are plants, birds, and fish and fungi.
  • It is also important to note that pollinators also face these threats. 17% of vertebrate pollinators face extinction.

Industrialization

  • Even though food production has increased globally, the world depends heavily on nine main species: sugar cane, maize, rice, wheat, potatoes, soybeans, oil-palm fruit, sugar beet, and cassava.

Wastage of Water

Overfishing

  • Currently, the global fishing fleet is 2.5 times more than the ocean's ecosystem can handle.
  • 52% of the global fisheries are currently fully exploited and 24% are either depleted, over exploited, or recovering.

Toxins and Pollutants

Proposed next steps:

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