Prepared for Harry L. | Delivered November 24, 2019
Dried Body Fluids and Spread of STIs
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To determine whether sexually transmitted diseases can be spread by contact with dried vaginal secretions or menstrual discharge. Here, contact entails either touch, mouth swallow, bloodstream contact, or other physical means.
HIV can be passed from one person to another if the infected person has a
detectable viral load
and their blood enters another person’s body or comes into contact with a
. Mucous membranes are found in eyes , vagina ,
head of the penis
, inside of the anus , and mouth.
can also be passed
from a person who has a detectable viral load when their blood comes into contact with a
cut or broken skin
of another person, giving HIV a way through the skin and into the bloodstream.
In women that have HIV, vaginal secretions and menstrual discharge can also
pose a risk of transmission
if they have a detectable viral load.
It is worth noting that once outside the body, the HIV virus usually
does not survive for very long
. Consequently, coming into contact with blood or semen that has been outside the body for extended periods of time
does not generally pose
a risk for HIV transmission.
From the above information, it was concluded that HIV
cannot be spread by contact
with dried vaginal secretions or menstrual discharge.
On the other hand, hepatitis C can
survive in dried blood
at room temperature for several weeks while hepatitis B can survive in dried blood
for around a week
outside the body.
Consequently, it was concluded that contact with dried vaginal secretions or menstrual discharge in mucuos membranes or broken skin
may result in the spread
of hepatitis C and hepatitis B.
Generally, apart from hepatitis B and C, most other STIs cannot be spread through contact with dried vaginal secretions or menstrual discharge.