Prepared for Avichag S. | Delivered October 8, 2019
Incurable Skin Cancer and Melanoma Cases
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To determine the number of incurable skin cancer and melanoma cases due to late detection and the available solutions in order to boost early detection and public awareness.
When discussing skin cancer, there are usually two major classifications:
nonmelanoma skin cancers and melanoma
nonmelanoma cancers vary in severity
, but are generally not as aggressive and deadly as melanoma cancers.
is much more dangerous, but is still highly survivable once detected early.
Stage 4 melanoma is infinitely more dangerous. In the past, nearly all stage 4 patients died of the disease. However, chances of survival at a late stage have
While invasive melanoma makes up only about 1% of all skin cancer cases, it accounts for the majority of
skin cancer deaths
It is estimated
7,230 Americans will die of melanoma in 2019
However, the death rate for melanoma has decreased in US adults by
As of 2018, the 5-year
survival rate for metastatic Stage IV melanoma is 22.5%
In 2019, it is estimated that there will be over
cases of melanoma of the skin, with just over
of these cases leading to death.
In order to improve chances of early detection, the American Cancer Society recommends
regular skin self-exams
It is also recommended that
healthcare professionals include skin exams
as part of the routine checkup for their patients.
Work is currently being done on a
small inexpensive probe
that can distinguish between harmless moles and cancerous ones in seconds.
News corporations like
and websites such as
have devoted time and resources to speaking with professionals in order to spread awareness of skin cancer and deadly melanoma.
Programs like the
exist with the aim of facilitating early detection by providing free screenings to anyone who is unable to see a dermatologist.
A strategy called
also exists for people at risk of malignant melanoma.
Mole mapping involves a
clinical skin exam and dermoscopy
to identify concerning trends and areas.
A melanoma also has distinguishing characteristics known commonly as
to help patients know what to look for.
Asymmetrical moles, unusual colors, and unusually large diameter size
of moles are some of the features that make up the ABCDEs.
National Center for Biotechnology Information
study concluded that introducing skin self-examinations (SSE) to women already invested in preventive health would promote deadly skin cancer awareness.