Adoption Journey

Goals

The goal is to determine what the typical adoption journey looks like, reasons people want to adopt, and issues that arise after adoption in the US.

Early Findings

Statistics

  • Approximately 135,000 children are adopted per year.
  • In 2018, 63,123 children were adopted from foster care in the US.
  • More than 1/3 of adults have considered adoption, but only 2% have actually adopted a child.

Process

  • The first step in adopting is deciding whether to adopt through foster care or a private agency.
  • One must also consider whether they want to adopt internationally or domestically, what age they want to adopt, and if they want an open or closed adoption.
  • Foster care adoption costs average at about $2,000.
  • Private domestic adoptions range from $25,000 to $50,000, and international adoptions range from $30,000 to $80,000.
  • When working with a private adoption agency, it is important to research what each agencies' "fee" includes. Not all agencies include the same things and there may be additional costs.
  • No matter how one adopts a child, a home study is required before a placement can be made. This involves a social worker investigating both the potential family and their home.
  • In private adoptions, the adoption still needs to be finalized even after the baby is brought home. It can take up to 18 months to finish the final paperwork.
  • Many agencies conduct a Post Adoption Supervisory Report to see how the family and child are adjusting to the adoption.
  • Once all the paperwork is completed, the family attends a final hearing to gain official legal custody of the child.

Proposed next steps:

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