Research Proposal

AI and the Generative Art Market


To identify key trends and players in the Artificial Intelligence driven Generative Art market and to identify names, projects and approaches from key players in this field in order to get a good understanding of the landscape.

Early Findings

Artists and Collectives

1. Obvious
  • Obvious is a Paris-based art collective, which uses a generative adversarial network (GAN) to create art.
  • Project" The algorithm then created “Portrait of Edmond Belamy,” which sold at a Christie's auction for $432,500.
  • Approach: "Paris-based artists Hugo Caselles-Dupré, Pierre Fautrel, and Gauthier Vernier fed thousands of portraits into an algorithm, “teaching” it the aesthetics of past examples of portraiture."
  • Approach: Sougwen Chung "is a visionary artist who likes to collaborate with AI, and robots, to create pieces of art."
  • She is "an award-winning artist who uses hand and technologically-reproduced marks to explore communication between people and machines."
  • Memo Akten "is a London-based AI artist, who uses AI to reflect on how we, as humans, make sense of the world."
  • Project: One of his projects is called "Deep Meditations."
  • Approach: He "trained a neural network to "see" images that represent some essential concepts of human life by tagging stock images", the AI was left to create its own representations of the tagged images.
  • Mario Klingemann is "another leading pioneer in AI art. He creates artwork by using neural networks, code, and algorithms. "
  • Project: One of his projects is titled, "Memories of Passersby I,"which was one of the first AI art pieces to sell at auction.
  • He "is also a machine learning artist in residence at the Google Cultural Institute in Paris."
  • Refik Anadol is a Turkish artist who uses "machine learning (ML) to produce interactive AI projects. He tends to focus on transforming architectural spaces, and facades, into giant canvasses for his live media AI-driven art."
  • "One of his most recent works involved using ML and years of footage from the Los Angeles Philharmonic’s archives to produce a dynamic, and evolving video-art piece projected on the outside of the building."

Auction Houses and Galleries for AI-Generated Art


  • Christie’s "became the first auction house in the world to trade art created with artificial intelligence (AI) technology."
  • It sold the portrait painting of "Edmond de Belamy" on 23–25 October 2018.

Le Grand Palais

  • Le Grand Palais in Paris organized an exhibition called "Artists and Robots" in 2018. This aimed to "critically assessed the interaction between the human mind and the immersive digital world in an ever more robotic society."

Natura Morte Art Gallery

  • In 2018, the Natura Morte art gallery "mounted a group show, Gradient Descent, featuring artworks created entirely by AI in the post-human age. The show explored the intersection between AI and contemporary art by creating a dynamic human–machine relationship."


  • For the initial hour we were able to identify artists, collectives, and galleries involved in the AI-generated art market space.
  • One area we came across in the research was the use of either AICAN or GAN technologies to create AI-generated art, we can explore these specific technologies further in terms of the players involved to help understand the generative art market space.
  • We also found some information available on AI-based art marketing as well as emerging AI-generated technologies that are slowly gaining ground in the online art trade, which might be of interest.
  • Feel free to select an option below.
Prepared By
Mik W.
510 assignments | 5.0