WiFi Legislation: Children

Goals

To understand the state of legislation/policy around the world with respect to regulating the use of Wi-Fi specifically around children, to understand if there has been any movement on regulating products that have Wi-Fi, to identify countries (globally) and which states have had activity in this area within the past 5-10 years in order to decide to add Wi-Fi to a new product aimed at children.

Early Findings

EFFECTS OF WIFI ON CHILDREN'S HEALTH
AUSTRALIA
  • In 2002, Australia established the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA) Standard which schools have to adhere to.
  • These guidelines were set following the 1998 International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) Guidelines.
  • Australia follows the international exposure limit that is set to (3500- 10000mW/m2).
  • This upper limit is rather high when it comes to exposure for children. Other countries like Russia have set their limit to one percent of what Australia has, 100 mW/m2. China is set to 0.6% (60 mW/m2), Switzerland at 40 mW/m2 (0.4%), and Luxembourg at 20 mW/m2 (0.2%).
USA
  • For public schools and publicly funded libraries, at least 27 states across the US have regulations that limit its use to prevent exposure to explicit content.
  • Some states require schools and publicly funded institutions to install filtering software on their computers/terminals.
  • New York does not allow cell towers within school property.
  • This source provides the state by state regulation on WiFi in public schools and libraries.
  • This source provides a list of legislation from various states surrounding schools and cell towers, WiFi in the classroom, and devices.
GLOBAL STATE
  • Children in Irish schools face a great health risk from unregulated WiFi.
  • One school that was tested was found to have 1,000 times the recommended level of WiFi radiation from a system that was powered on all day.
  • In Israel, the situation is different;
  • Taiwan has placed a fine of £1,000 on any parent who allows their babies under the age of two to have access to electronic devices.
  • Taiwan also limits the amount of time allowed for all children under the age of 18.

Proposed next steps:

You need to be the project owner to select a next step.
Our initial research has revealed that information on this topic is publicly available. We propose additional research to identify 6 countries and 6 states in the US that have been the most active, within the past 5-10 years, in proposing legislation (focusing on children) that would regulate the deployments of Wi-Fi, radiofrequency exposure, in places like schools (specifically due to health concerns). We will determine whether they are also regulating products that have/require Wi-Fi, whether they regulate where WiFi is deployed within the schools, and how these regulations/policies have evolved within this time period. We will present 2 countries/states per request. Please respond to this request if you would like fewer countries to meet your budget needs.
Alternatively, we could provide 4-5 insights into legislation that regulates the deployment of Wi-Fi in schools. We will determine how these regulations have evolved, preferably within the past 5 to 10 years. In our insights, we will address whether there are any regulations on products that have/require Wi-Fi. This could focus on the US or have a global scope. Kindly clarify if this is the option you would prefer.